MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface

Listen to all types of MIDI instruments

Are you curious about the different MIDI instruments you are listening to while searching for choral music? In the table below, you can listen to all the 128 instruments, both with a single voice and with as many as eight simultaneous voices. The song is "It was a lover and his lass", by Thomas Morley (the eight-voice SSAATTBB arrangement was made by myself). You can see the arrangement for many voices as a PDF file, here:

It was a lover and his lass - SSAATTBB

The sheet music is identical to the eight-voice MIDI files, except for that I have removed identical tones that ar sung simultaneously, to make it sound a little better. However, sometimes this does not help since some of the MIDI instruments simply can't handle tones at "extreme" frequencies (most often the low basso tones). Then, it sounds horrible!

Furthermore, different computers will render the same instrument in different ways. This depends on what type of sound card your computer have. (For example, on my old laptop, with no external speakers, the Voice instrument sounds very good, almost like real voices. However, when I listen to the same files at my new computer with good external speakers, it sounds awful, like bad wind instruments).

The MIDI instruments may be named slightly differently depending on which notation program that you use (if any). The numbering, however, should be consistent everywhere.

Instrument number Instrument name Melody only Eight voices
0 Grand Piano Grand Piano Grand Piano
1 Grand Piano Bright Piano Bright Piano
2 Electric Grand Piano Electric Grand Piano Electric Grand Piano
3 Honky Tonk Piano Honky Tonk Piano Honky Tonk Piano
4 Rhodes Piano Rhodes Piano Rhodes Piano
5 Chorused Piano Chorused Piano Chorused Piano
6 Harpsichord Harpsichord Harpsichord
7 Clavinet Clavinet Clavinet
8 Celesta Celesta Celesta
9 Glockenspiel Glockenspiel Glockenspiel
10 Music Box Music Box Music Box
11 Vibraphone Vibraphone Vibraphone
12 Marimba Marimba Marimba
13 Xylophone Xylophone Xylophone
14 Tubular Bells Tubular Bells Tubular Bells
15 Dulcimer Dulcimer Dulcimer
16 Hammond Organ Hammond Organ Hammond Organ
17 Percussive Organ Percussive Organ Percussive Organ
18 Rock Organ Rock Organ Rock Organ
19 Church Organ Church Organ Church Organ
20 Reed Organ Reed Organ Reed Organ
21 Accordion Accordion Accordion
22 Harmonica Harmonica Harmonica
23 Tango Accordion Tango Accordion Tango Accordion
24 Acoustic Guitar (Nylon strings) Acoustic Guitar (Nylon strings) Acoustic Guitar (Nylon strings)
25 Acoustic Guitar (Steel strings) Acoustic Guitar (Steel strings) Acoustic Guitar (Steel strings)
26 Electric Guitar (Jazz) Electric Guitar (Jazz) Electric Guitar (Jazz)
27 Electric Guitar (Clean) Electric Guitar (Clean) Electric Guitar (Clean)
28 Electric Guitar (Muted) Electric Guitar (Muted) Electric Guitar (Muted)
29 Guitar (Overdrive) Guitar (Overdrive) Guitar (Overdrive)
30 Guitar (Distortion) Guitar (Distortion) Guitar (Distortion)
31 Guitar (Harmonics) Guitar (Harmonics) Guitar (Harmonics)
32 Acoustic Bass Acoustic Bass Acoustic Bass
33 Electric Bass (Finger) Electric Bass (Finger) Electric Bass (Finger)
34 Electric Bass (Pick) Electric Bass (Pick) Electric Bass (Pick)
35 Fretless Bass Fretless Bass Fretless Bass
36 Slap Bass (1) Slap Bass (1) Slap Bass (1)
37 Slap Bass (2) Slap Bass (2) Slap Bass (2)
38 Synth Bass (1) Synth Bass (1) Synth Bass (1)
39 Synth Bass (2) Synth Bass (2) Synth Bass (2)
40 Violin Violin Violin
41 Viola Viola Viola
42 Cello Cello Cello
43 Contrabass Contrabass Contrabass
44 Tremolo Strings Tremolo Strings Tremolo Strings
45 Pizzicato Strings Pizzicato Strings Pizzicato Strings
46 Harp Harp Harp
47 Timpani Timpani Timpani
48 String Ensemble (1) String Ensemble (1) String Ensemble (1)
49 String Ensemble (2) String Ensemble (2) String Ensemble (2)
50 Synth Strings (1) Synth Strings (1) Synth Strings (1)
51 Synth Strings (2) Synth Strings (2) Synth Strings (2)
52 Choir Aahs Choir Aahs Choir Aahs
53 Voice Oohs Voice Oohs Voice Oohs
54 Synth Voice Synth Voice Synth Voice
55 Orchestra Hit Orchestra Hit Orchestra Hit
56 Trumpet Trumpet Trumpet
57 Trombone Trombone Trombone
58 Tuba Tuba Tuba
59 Muted Trumpet Muted Trumpet Muted Trumpet
60 French Horn French Horn French Horn
61 Brass Section Brass Section Brass Section
62 Synth Brass (1) Synth Brass (1) Synth Brass (1)
63 Synth Brass (2) Synth Brass (2) Synth Brass (2)
64 Soprano Sax Soprano Sax Soprano Sax
65 Alto Sax Alto Sax Alto Sax
66 Tenor Sax Tenor Sax Tenor Sax
67 Baritone Sax Baritone Sax Baritone Sax
68 Oboe Oboe Oboe
69 English Horn English Horn English Horn
70 Bassoon Bassoon Bassoon
71 Clarinet Clarinet Clarinet
72 Piccolo Piccolo Piccolo
73 Flute Flute Flute
74 Recorder Recorder Recorder
75 Pan Flute Pan Flute Pan Flute
76 Blown Bottle Blown Bottle Blown Bottle
77 Shakuhachi Shakuhachi Shakuhachi
78 Whistle Whistle Whistle
79 Ocarina Ocarina Ocarina
80 Square (Lead 1) Square (Lead 1) Square (Lead 1)
81 Sawtooth (Lead 2) Sawtooth (Lead 2) Sawtooth (Lead 2)
82 Caliope (Lead 3) Caliope (Lead 3) Caliope (Lead 3)
83 Chiffer (Lead 4) Chiffer (Lead 4) Chiffer (Lead 4)
84 Charang (Lead 5) Charang (Lead 5) Charang (Lead 5)
85 Solo Voice (Lead 6) Solo Voice (Lead 6) Solo Voice (Lead 6)
86 Fifths (Lead 7) Fifths (Lead 7) Fifths (Lead 7)
87 Brass (Lead 8) Brass (Lead 8) Brass (Lead 8)
88 Fantasia/New Age (Pad 1) Fantasia/New Age (Pad 1) Fantasia/New Age (Pad 1)
89 Warm (Pad 2) Warm (Pad 2) Warm (Pad 2)
90 Poly Synth (Pad 3) Poly Synth (Pad 3) Poly Synth (Pad 3)
91 Choir/Space Voice (Pad 4) Choir/Space Voice (Pad 4) Choir/Space Voice (Pad 4)
92 Bowed Glass (Pad 5) Bowed Glass (Pad 5) Bowed Glass (Pad 5)
93 Metallic (Pad 6) Metallic (Pad 6) Metallic (Pad 6)
94 Halo (Pad 7) Halo (Pad 7) Halo (Pad 7)
95 Sweep (Pad 8) Sweep (Pad 8) Sweep (Pad 8)
96 Ice Rain (FX1) Ice Rain (FX1) Ice Rain (FX1)
97 Sound Track (FX2) Sound Track (FX2) Sound Track (FX2)
98 Crystal (FX3) Crystal (FX3) Crystal (FX3)
99 Atmosphere (FX4) Atmosphere (FX4) Atmosphere (FX4)
100 Brightness (FX5) Brightness (FX5) Brightness (FX5)
101 Goblins (FX6) Goblins (FX6) Goblins (FX6)
102 Echoes (FX7) Echoes (FX7) Echoes (FX7)
103 Star Theme, SciFi (FX8) Star Theme, SciFi (FX8) Star Theme, SciFi (FX8)
104 Sitar Sitar Sitar
105 Banjo Banjo Banjo
106 Shamisen Shamisen Shamisen
107 Koto Koto Koto
108 Kalimba Kalimba Kalimba
109 Bagpipe Bagpipe Bagpipe
110 Fiddle Fiddle Fiddle
111 Shanai Shanai Shanai
112 Tinkle Bell Tinkle Bell Tinkle Bell
113 Agogo Agogo Agogo
114 Steel Drums Steel Drums Steel Drums
115 Woodblock Woodblock Woodblock
116 Taiko Drum Taiko Drum Taiko Drum
117 Melodic Tom Melodic Tom Melodic Tom
118 Synth Drum Synth Drum Synth Drum
119 Reverse Cymbal Reverse Cymbal Reverse Cymbal
120 Guitar (Fret Noise) Guitar (Fret Noise) Guitar (Fret Noise)
121 Breath Noise Breath Noise Breath Noise
122 Seashore Seashore Seashore
123 Bird Tweet Bird Tweet Bird Tweet
124 Telephone Ring Telephone Ring Telephone Ring
125 Helicopter Helicopter Helicopter
126 Applause Applause Applause
127 Gun Shot Gun Shot Gun Shot

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Last modified: 2012-01-02 by Eva Toller

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